Physical Characteristics, Diet, Behavior And Reproduction, Hammerheads And PeopleGEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, CONSERVATION STATUS
Hammerheads live south of the Sahara Desert in the southern two-thirds of Africa. They are also found on the island of Madagascar and in the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula. Some of the birds spread out when dry areas become flooded during the rainy season, but they do not migrate in spring and fall. They are common and familiar birds in the places where they live.
Hammerheads are found in almost all types of wetlands. They feed in the shallow waters of lakeshores, riverbanks, ponds, marshes, wetlands near the ocean, and reservoirs behind dams. They usually use large trees near the wetlands for roosting at night and for nesting, but sometimes they use cliffs or rocky hillsides.
Hammerheads are not in any danger of extinction (dying out).
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Attenborough, David. The Life of Birds. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.
Burton, Maurice, and Robert Burton. International Wildlife Encyclopedia, vol. 8. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish, 2002.
Cohen, Sharon A. Bird Nests. San Francisco: Collins Publishers, 1993.
del Hoyo, Josep, A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal, eds. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 1, Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, 1992.
Perrins, Christopher, ed. Firefly Encyclopedia of Birds. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books, 2003.
Perrins, Christopher M., ed. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Birds. New York: Prentice Hall Editions, 1990.
Rayner, Richard. Umboko and the Hamerkop. Harare, Zimbabwe: Baobab, 1988.
Sinclair, Ian, Phil Hockey, and Warwick Tarboton. Birds of Southern Africa. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, U.K.: Princeton University Press, 2002.
"The Hamerkop." Travel Africa Magazine Online at http://www.travelafricamag.com/community.php?id=75 (accessed on March 24, 2004).
Animal Areas. "Hamerkop." Columbus Zoo and Aquarium. http://www.colszoo.org/animalareas/aforest/hammer.html (accessed on March 26, 2004).
Anniversary Animals. "Hamerkop." Kansas City Zoo. http://www.kcmo.org/kc150.nsf/web/hamerkop?opendocument (accessed March 26, 2004).
Bird Families of the World. "Hamerkop." Monterey Bay. http://www.montereybay.com/creagrus/hamerkop.html (accessed March 24, 2004).
Birds of the National Zoo. "Hammerkop." Smithsonian National Zoological Park. http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/Birds/Meet_the_zoos_birds/zoo_bird_info.cfm?bird=Hammerkop (accessed March 26, 2004).
The Columbia Encyclopedia. "Hammerhead." Bartleby, Great Books Online. http://www.bartleby.com/65/ha/hammerhe.html (accessed March 26, 2004).
South African Animal Facts & Mythology, "Hamerkop." Dierinbeeld. http://www.dierinbeeld.nl/animal_files/birds/hamerkop (accessed on March 26, 2004).
- Terns Gulls and Relatives: Laridae - Physical Characteristics, Habitat, Diet, Behavior And Reproduction, Gulls, Terns, Relatives, And People - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, CONSERVATION STATUS
- Broadbills: Eurylaimidae - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, African Broadbill (smithornis Capensis): Species Accounts, Black-and-red Broadbill (cymbirhynchus Macrorhynchos): Species Accounts - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, BROADBILL
- Hammerhead: Scopidae - Physical Characteristics
- Hammerhead: Scopidae - Diet
- Hammerhead: Scopidae - Behavior And Reproduction
- Hammerhead: Scopidae - Hammerheads And People
- Other Free Encyclopedias