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Loons: Gaviiformes

Physical Characteristics, Diet, Behavior And Reproduction, Loons And People, Red-throated Loon (gavia Stellata): Species AccountsGEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, CONSERVATION STATUS

RED-THROATED LOON (Gavia stellata): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
COMMON LOON (Gavia immer): SPECIES ACCOUNTS

All species migrate (move region to region, seasonally) to warmer temperatures around the Gulf of Mexico and to the east and west coasts of North America during nonbreeding season. They also migrate to the Mediterranean Sea and coastal China. Alaska is the only region in which all five species can be found.


Loons can be found in inland lakes and tundra ponds. Less often they are seen in large freshwater lakes and rivers during the winter months.

No species of loon is threatened.

Additional topics

Animal Life ResourceBirds