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Jacamars: Galbulidae

Physical Characteristics, Habitat, Behavior And Reproduction, Jacamars And People, Rufous-tailed Jacamar (galbula Ruficauda): Species AccountsGEOGRAPHIC RANGE, DIET, CONSERVATION STATUS

RUFOUS-TAILED JACAMAR (Galbula ruficauda): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
COPPERY-CHESTED JACAMAR (Galbula pastazae): SPECIES ACCOUNTS

Jacamars range from southern Mexico in Central America to northern Argentina in South America.

Jacamars prefer to eat large, showy, flying insects such as blue morpho butterflies, hawk moths, and venomous insects such as wasps, ants, and sawflies. Their diet also consists of other types of butterflies and moths, dragonflies, and flying beetles. They grab prey out of the air with their long, sharp (forceps-like) bill. They do not like butterflies that use body chemicals to defend themselves.


The three-toed jacamar is listed as Endangered, facing a very high risk of extinction, and another species, the coppery-chested jacamar, is listed as Vulnerable, facing a high risk of extinction. All species of jacamars are threatened by habitat loss. For example, in Brazil intensive clearing of vegetation in forests has caused a decline in populations.

Additional topics

Animal Life ResourceBirds