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Petrels Shearwaters and Fulmars: Procellariidae

Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Manx Shearwater (puffinus Puffinus): Species Accounts, Northern Fulmar (fulmarus Glacialis): Species AccountsGEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, PETRELS

MANX SHEARWATER (Puffinus puffinus): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
NORTHERN FULMAR (Fulmarus glacialis): SPECIES ACCOUNTS

Procellariids live on oceans throughout the world, in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.


Procellariids live almost exclusively on the ocean, coming to shore only to breed.

These nocturnal, active at night, birds eat squid, plankton, and marine life that has been discarded from fishing vessels. Giant petrels also eat seal and penguin carcasses.


Procellariid eggs and meat are eaten by people in a number of cultures, including Eskimos and Europeans. Every year several thousand chicks are harvested for their feathers, fat, flesh, oil, and down in New Zealand and Tasmania.


Some procellariid populations are thriving, but others are among the most threatened birds in the world. Forty-seven procellariids are on the World Conservation Union's (IUCN) List of Threatened Species. All are Threatened, facing a high to extremely high risk of extinction, or Near Threatened, in danger of becoming threatened. These species are considered threatened because of habitat deterioration as well as introduced, brought in by humans, predators.

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Animal Life ResourceBirds