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Newts and European Salamanders: Salamandridae

Physical Characteristics, Habitat, Behavior And Reproduction, Conservation Status, Smooth Newt (triturus Vulgaris): Species AccountsGEOGRAPHIC RANGE, DIET, EUROPEAN SALAMANDERS NEWTS AND PEOPLE

SMOOTH NEWT (Triturus vulgaris): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
GREAT CRESTED NEWT (Triturus cristatus): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
EUROPEAN FIRE SALAMANDER (Salamandra salamandra): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
MANDARIN SALAMANDER (Tylototriton verrucosus): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
JAPANESE FIRE-BELLIED NEWT (Cynops pyrrhogaster): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
GOLDEN-STRIPED SALAMANDER (Chioglossa lusitanica): SPECIES ACCOUNTS

Newts and European salamanders live in scattered areas across the Northern Hemisphere, including western and eastern North America, Europe, Japan and other areas in Asia, and the northern part of Africa.


Newts and European salamanders eat small invertebrate prey, including insects, earthworms, slugs, and snails. Invertebrates (in-VER-teh-brehts) are animals without backbones. In the water-dwelling phase, newts eat water insects and are fierce predators of frog tadpoles. The larvae of newts and European salamanders eat small invertebrates, such as water fleas.


Because they taste bad and can be poisonous, newts and European salamanders are not eaten by humans. Several species are popular as pets, but they are well known for their ability to escape from all but the most secure tank.


Additional topics

Animal Life ResourceAmphibians