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Vireos and Peppershrikes: Vireonidae

Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Conservation Status, Black-capped Vireo (vireo Atricapillus): Species AccountsGEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, PEPPERSHRIKES VIREOS AND PEOPLE

BLACK-CAPPED VIREO (Vireo atricapillus): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
RUFOUS-BROWED PEPPERSHRIKE (Cyclarhis gujanensis): SPECIES ACCOUNTS

The family ranges widely over the Americas including most of the continental United States, all but the northern-most parts of Canada, Mexico, and Central America, most of South America including as far south as Uruguay, northern Argentina, and northern Chile.


Vireos and peppershrikes are found in boreal (northern), temperate, and tropical habitats including woodlands, scrublands, and forests. Some prefer the forest canopy (treetops), while others like dense undergrowth, forest edges, or mangroves (tropical evergreen tree of tidal coasts).

Their diet consists of insects, spiders, and other invertebrates (animals without a backbone) taken from foliage, flowers, bark, and other plant surfaces. Small berries and other fruits are also eaten.


Vireos and peppershrikes have no special relationship with people.


Additional topics

Animal Life ResourceBirds