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Swallows: Hirundinidae

Physical Characteristics, Habitat, Diet, Swallows And People, Conservation Status, Barn Swallow (hirundo Rustica): Species AccountsGEOGRAPHIC RANGE, BEHAVIOR AND REPRODUCTION

BARN SWALLOW (Hirundo rustica): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
AMERICAN CLIFF SWALLOW (Hirundo pyrrhonota): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
CRAG MARTIN (Ptyonoprogne rupestris): SPECIES ACCOUNTS

The majority of swallow species are found in Africa, but one can find swallows on virtually every major continent, except Antarctica and the high Arctic. They are also absent from New Zealand and other oceanic islands.


Most swallows form monogamous (muh-NAH-guh-mus) pairs. Some species build their nests either in natural or human-made holes, such as tree crevices or nesting boxes. Other species use mud pellets carried by the bill-full to create nests in caves or under human-made overhangs, such as bridges. Migrating species of swallows travel in huge flocks to warmer climates in the winter, and return with the warm weather and hatching insect population.


Additional topics

Animal Life ResourceBirds