Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Mammals » American Leaf-Nosed Bats: Phyllostomidae - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, American Leaf-nosed Bats And People, California Leaf-nosed Bat (macrotus Californicus): Species Accounts - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, CONSERVATION STATUS

American Leaf-Nosed Bats: Phyllostomidae - White Bat (ectophylla Alba): Species Accounts

vampire june accessed science

Physical characteristics: These bats are relatively small, with a combined head and body length of 1.6 to 1.9 inches (4 to 4.7 centimeters). They are named for the color of their fur. The hair over their entire body is white to a light gray tinge. A ring of dark gray hair surrounds the eyes. Ears and noseleaf are yellow.


Geographic range: White bats are found from eastern Honduras to western Panama.


Habitat: White bats live in moist or wet tropical forests. They roost in makeshift tents about 6.5 feet (2 meters) above the ground.


Diet: White bats eat figs and other fruits.

White bats roost in a "tent" they made from a heliconia leaf in the rainforest of Costa Rica. (© Michael & Patricia Fogden/Corbis. Reproduced by permission.)

Behavior and reproduction: White bats modify leaves of plants in the relatively low-growing plants of forests to make roosts. These bats chew the large leaves, nipping the center so that the two sides of the leaf fold downward to form a "tent," under which the bats gather. The bats have been found roosting singly and in groups of two, four, and six.

White bat females apparently bear only a single young. In Costa Rica, females give birth in April. The males were observed sharing a tent with females until the young were born.


White bats and people: There is no known connection between white bats and people.


Conservation status: The IUCN Red List categorizes the white bat as Near Threatened, or close to becoming threatened. ∎

FOR MORE INFORMATION

Books:

Fenton, M. Brock. Bats. New York: Checkmark Press, 2001.

Fenton, M. Brock. The Bat: Wings in the Night Sky. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books, 1998.

Raabe, Emily. Vampire Bats. New York: Powerkids Press, 2003.

Ruff, Sue, and Don E. Wilson. Bats. New York: Benchmark Books, 2001.

Schober, Wilfried, and Eckard Grimmberger. The Bats of Europe and North America. Neptune City, NJ: T.F.H. Publications, Inc., 1997.

Periodicals:

Clayton, Julie. "Wanted: Bloodsuckers; After Millions of Years of Bloody Enmity, Humans are Turning to Leeches, Ticks and Vampire Bats for Help. Julie Clayton Meets Our New Medical Allies." New Scientist (July 13, 2001): 42.

"Discovering Bats Beyond the Belfry." Business Times (November 9, 2001).

Seppa, N. "Compound in Bat Saliva May Aid Stroke Patients." Science News (January 18, 2003): 37.

"Stroke Patients get Vampire's Kiss." Current Science (April 11, 2003): 13.

"Vampire Bats Don't Learn From Bad Lunch." Science News (March 15, 2003): 173.

Web sites:

"The Secret Life of Bats." Fathom. http://www.fathom.com/course/21701775/session5.html (accessed on June 21, 2004).

Tomlinson, Denise. "Natural History of the Vampire Bat." The Organization for Bat Conservation at Cranbrook Institute of Science. http://www.batconservation.org/content/meetourbats/vampire.htm (accessed on June 21, 2004).

"Phyllostomidae." Animal Diversity Web. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Phyllostomidae.html (accessed on June 21, 2004).

"Vampire Bats." NationalGeographic.com. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/kids/creature_feature/0110/vampirebats.html (accessed on June 21, 2004).

[back] American Leaf-Nosed Bats: Phyllostomidae - Pallas's Long-tongued Bat (glossophaga Soricina): Species Accounts

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