Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Mammals » American Leaf-Nosed Bats: Phyllostomidae - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, American Leaf-nosed Bats And People, California Leaf-nosed Bat (macrotus Californicus): Species Accounts - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, CONSERVATION STATUS

American Leaf-Nosed Bats: Phyllostomidae - Pallas's Long-tongued Bat (glossophaga Soricina): Species Accounts

colonies found short individuals

Physical characteristics: Pallas's long-tongued bat is named for its most distinctive feature: its long tongue. It is a relatively small bat, with a head and body length combined of 1.8 to 2.3 inches (4.5 to 5.9 centimeters). Its visible tail is short, only about a quarter of an inch (0.6 centimeters). Fur color is dark brown to reddish brown, and the underside is paler. These bats have a long, narrow snout, small eyes, and short, rounded ears.


Geographic range: Pallas's long-tongued bats are found in northern Mexico, Paraguay, northern Argentina, Trinidad, Grenada, and Jamaica.

Pallas's long-tongued bats are important to their ecosystems because they disperse seeds and pollinate flowers, such as this banana flower. (© Merlin D. Tuttle/Bat Conservation International/Photo Researchers, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

Habitat: These bats live in lowland habitats. They are more commonly found in dry forests than in wet forests. Bats roost in a variety of sites, including caves, hollows in trees, mines, and abandoned houses.


Diet: Pallas's long-tongued bats feed on nectar, pollen, and insects. When those foods are scarce, they will eat fruit as well.


Behavior and reproduction: Pallas's long-tongued bats often share their roosting sites with other species. They are social animals, forming colonies of several hundred individuals to a few thousand. Smaller colonies have also been found. The bats use their long, narrow tongues to lap nectar from plants. Individuals forage for food independently.

Females give birth to a single offspring twice each year. Females form maternity colonies. The seasons of birth vary depending upon where the bats live. In Costa Rica, births occur in December to February, then in April to June.


Pallas's long-tongued bat and people: Pallas's long-tongued bats are important to the ecosystem because of their role in dispersing seeds as well as pollinating night-blooming cacti (KACK-tie or KACK-tee; plural of cactus) and many other species of plants.


Conservation status: These bats are not threatened. ∎

American Leaf-Nosed Bats: Phyllostomidae - White Bat (ectophylla Alba): Species Accounts [next] [back] American Leaf-Nosed Bats: Phyllostomidae - Vampire Bat (desmodus Rotundus): Species Accounts

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