Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Jellyfish, Sponges, and Other Simple Animals » Salinella: Monoblastozoa - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, SALINELLA AND PEOPLE, CONSERVATION STATUS

Salinella: Monoblastozoa - Physical Characteristics

covered cell animals cavity

Monoblastozoa (MAHN-uh-blast-uh-zoh-uh) has only one species, Salinella salve. This animal was found in 1892 in a culture of material from salt beds in Argentina. Because Salinella has not been observed since its discovery, some scientists doubt that it exists. According to the scientist who wrote the only published record of Salinella, the body consists of a single cell layer and lacks tissues and organs.

Salinella differs from other simple animals because it lacks internal cells. In this regard, Salinella appears to be more closely related to one-celled living things than to animals. If researchers are able to find new specimens of Salinella and study them in detail, they may find that this species represents an intermediate stage between one-celled living things and animals.

The body of Salinella consists of about one hundred cells in a single cell layer enclosing a digestive cavity. The digestive cavity is open at both ends. The opening at one end functions as a mouth and that at the other end as an anus (AY-nuhs). There are bristles around the mouth and anus. The top surface of the animal is covered with a sparse collection of bristles. The bottom surface is somewhat flattened but is covered with tiny hairlike fibers. The cell walls facing the inner cavity also are heavily covered with these hairlike fibers.

Salinella: Monoblastozoa - Behavior And Reproduction [next]

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over 8 years ago

The most thoughtful discussion of Salinella is that of Hutchinson (1967) Treatise on Limnology (2) p. 14.

He regards this organism, 'seen' only by its describer in 1892 as mythical and having what he calls a 'Piltdown-like' quality: that is, like the fake human fossil from that place. Supposedly having a complete (mouth to anus) gut, and comprising only a single cell layer, it confounds the entire corpus of knowledge of the evolution of multi-cellular, triploblastic organisms.

It is best treated as fraudulent or a mistaken description: considering the times, probably the former.