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Pikes and Mudminnows: Esociformes

Physical Characteristics, Habitat, Behavior And Reproduction, Muskellunge (esox Masquinongy): Species AccountGEOGRAPHIC RANGE, DIET, PIKES AND MUDMINNOWS AND PEOPLE, CONSERVATION STATUS


Pikes and mudminnows live all over the Northern Hemisphere except Greenland.

All pikes eat fishes, including smaller fish of their own species. Larger pikes also may eat frogs, water birds, and small mammals. Mudminnows eat invertebrates (in-VER-teh-brehts), or animals without a backbone, and, very rarely, young fish.

Pikes are popular sport fishes. Mudminnows are used for bait in some areas. Some people keep them in aquariums.

The World Conservation Union (IUCN) lists one species of pikes and minnows as Vulnerable, or facing high risk of extinction in the wild, and one as Lower Risk/Near Threatened, or at risk of becoming threatened with extinction in the future.

Additional topics

Animal Life ResourceFish and Other Cold-Blooded Vertebrates