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Bivalves: Bivalvia

Conservation Status

Habitat pollution and alteration are the greatest threat to freshwater bivalves, but the introduction of exotic species, such as zebra mussels, can also be disastrous. Nearly one hundred species of freshwater pearl mussels in Eastern North America are already extinct. Most of the remaining species are protected and officially listed by the government as either threatened or endangered. Over two hundred bivalve species are listed by the World Conservation Union (IUCN). Only eight, all giant clams, live in the ocean.

Additional topics

Animal Life ResourceMollusks, Crustaceans, and Related SpeciesBivalves: Bivalvia - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Bivalves And People, Conservation Status, Black-lipped Pearl Oyster (pinctada Margaritifera): Species Accounts - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET