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Remipedes: Remipedia

No Common Name (speleonectes Gironensis): Species Account

Physical characteristics: Speleonectes gironensis measure up to 0.55 inches (14 millimeters) in length. The maximum number of trunk segments is 25. The last pair of appendages on the end of the body trunk is twice as long as the last body trunk segments.

Geographic range: Speleonectes gironensis (abbreviated to S. gironensis) are found only in the undersea caves along the coast of Matanzas and Holguin Provinces, Cuba.

Habitat: S. gironensis are found in caves from 39 feet (12 meters) and deeper.

Diet: They eat mostly small cave crustaceans.

Speleonectes gironensis are found only in the undersea caves along the coast of Matanzas and Holguin Provinces, Cuba. (Illustration by Jonathan Higgins. Reproduced by permission.)

Behavior and reproduction: They swim in open water. Nothing is known about their reproductive behavior.

Speleonectes gironensis and people: This species does not impact humans or their activities.

Conservation status: This species is not considered endangered or threatened. ∎



Yager, Jill. "The Reproductive Biology of Two Species of Remipedes." In Crustacean Sexual Biology, edited by R. T. Bauer and J. W. Martin. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.


Yager, J. "Remipedia, a New Class of Crustacea from a Marine Cave in the Bahamas." Journal of Crustacean Biology 1 (1981): 328-333.

Yager, J. "Speleonectes gironensis, New Species (Remipedia: Speleonectidae), from Anchialine Caves in Cuba, with Remarks on Biogeography and Ecology." Journal of Crustacean Biology 14 (1994): 752-762.

Yager, J., and W. F. Humphreys. " Lasionectes exleyi, sp. nov., the First Remipede Crustacean Recorded from Australia and the Indian Ocean, with a Key to the World Species." Invertebrate Taxonomy 10 (1996): 171-187.

Web sites:

Introduction Remipedia. http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/arthropoda/crustacea/remipedia.html (accessed on January 20, 2005).

Remipedia: Species. http://www.crustacea.net/crustace/remipedia/index.htm (accessed on January 20, 2005).

Additional topics

Animal Life ResourceMollusks, Crustaceans, and Related SpeciesRemipedes: Remipedia - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Remipedes And People, No Common Name (speleonectes Gironensis): Species Account - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, CONSERVATION STATUS