Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Dinosaurs, Snakes, and Other Reptiles » Shieldtail Snakes: Uropeltidae - Physical Characteristics, Habitat, Diet, Behavior And Reproduction, Nilgiri Burrowing Snake (plectrurus Perrotetii): Species Account - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, SHIELDTAIL SNAKES AND PEOPLE, CONSERVATION STATUS

Shieldtail Snakes: Uropeltidae - Nilgiri Burrowing Snake (plectrurus Perrotetii): Species Account

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Physical characteristics: One of the larger species in this family, the Nilgiri burrowing snake can reach 17.3 inches (44 centimeters) in length. They are tube-shaped snakes with purplish brown to brown backs and bellies that are often either a light brown or yellowish color. In some species, the bellies are spotted with a lighter color, and each of these spots is located right in the center of a belly scale. The head is flattened from top to bottom. The tail is tipped with a spiny, cup-shaped scale.


Geographic range: The snake lives in Nilgiri and the Anamalai Hills in southern India.


Habitat: Most of the snakes found by people are buried about 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters) deep in the very rich soil of gardens One of the larger species in this family, the Nilgiri burrowing snake can reach 17.3 inches (44 centimeters) in length. (Illustration by Bruce Worden. Reproduced by permission.) or farm fields. The snakes especially like soil with lots of manure mixed into it. Farmers and gardeners often use manure, which contains many nutrients, to fertilize their soil and help their plants to grow. The snakes live high up on hillsides.


Diet: The Nilgiri burrowing snake eats mainly worms.


Behavior and reproduction: They spend much of their time in burrows, but if the weather turns cooler, they will move out of their homes and explore piles of manure that farmers and gardeners have left above the ground. They give birth to baby snakes rather than laying eggs. Females have three to six babies at a time, usually in July or August. Scientists know little else about their behavior or reproduction.

Nilgiri burrowing snakes and people: These snakes and people rarely see or bother each other.


Conservation status: The Nilgiri burrowing snake is not listed as endangered or threatened, but scientists know little about the size of the snake's population. ∎

FOR MORE INFORMATION

Books

Burnie, David, and Don Wilson, eds. The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. New York: DK Publishing, 2001.

Deraniyagala, P. E. P. A Colored Atlas of Some Vertebrates from Ceylon. Vol. 3, Serpentoid Reptilia. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Government Press, 1955.

Frank, N., and E. Ramus. A Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Reptiles and Amphibians of the World. Pottsville, PA: NG Publishing, 1996.

Grace, Eric, ed. Snakes. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books for Children, 1994.

McDiarmid, R. W., J. A. Campbell, and T. A. Toure. Snake Species of the World, Vol. 1. Washington, DC: The Herpetologists' League, 1999.

Mehrtens, John M. Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishing, 1987.

Pough, F. H., R. M. Andrews, J. E. Cadle, M. L. Crump, A. H. Savitzky, and
K. D. Wells. Herpetology, 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001.

Rajendran, M. V. Studies in Uropeltid Snakes. Madurai, India: Madurai Kamaraj University Publications, 1985.

Smith, M. A. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. 3, Serpentes. London: Taylor and Francis, 1943.

Web sites

"Family Uropeltidae (shield-tailed snakes and short-tail snakes)." Animal Diversity Web. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/pictures/Uropeltidae.html (accessed on September 22, 2004).

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