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Cattle Antelopes Bison Buffaloes Goats and Sheep: Bovidae - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Water Buffalo (bubalus Bubalis): Species Accounts, American Bison (bison Bison): Species Accounts - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, BOVIDAE A

bovids food populations occupy

WATER BUFFALO (Bubalus bubalis): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
AMERICAN BISON (Bison bison): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
BLACK WILDEBEEST (Connochaetes gnou): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
THOMSON'S GAZELLE (Gazella thomsonii): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
KIRK'S DIKDIK (Madoqua kirkii): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
SEROW (Capricornis sumatraensis): SPECIES ACCOUNTS
BIGHORN SHEEP (Ovis canadensis): SPECIES ACCOUNTS

Found in Africa, Europe, Asia, and North America.

Bovids occupy a wide variety of habitats, including grasslands, swamps, tropical forests, arctic tundra, desert, cliff faces, and mountain ledges. Most abundant in tropical forests and grasslands. They occupy different habitats at different times of the year, with migration (seasonal movement from region to region) dependent upon food supply.

Bovids are herbivores (plant eaters) with four stomach chambers. The fact that they have four chambers means they can survive on plants few other animals could digest. They feed mainly on grasses, first by winding them around their tongues and pulling them from the ground, then swallowing them. After some time has passed, bovids will regurgitate (vomit) the swallowed food, chew it, and swallow it again. Bacteria in the stomach breaks down the food and allows digestion to occur.

Bovids have been hunted extensively for meat, sport, and hides, some species to the point of serious threat to the population. Many species—goat, sheep, cattle, buffalo—have been domesticated (tamed) and are raised for their meat and skin.

As of 2004, 114 species are listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Loss of habitat is the main reason for threat. Increasing human populations require more land and natural resources. Hunting has affected bovid populations as well, but to a lesser degree.

Monotremes: Monotremata - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Monotremes And People, Conservation Status - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET [next] [back] Aardwolf and Hyenas: Hyaenidae - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Hyaenids And People, Spotted Hyena (crocuta Crocuta:): Species Accounts - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, CONSERVATION STATUS

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