Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Mammals » Old World Leaf-Nosed Bats: Hipposideridae - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Conservation Status, Trident Leaf-nosed Bat (asellia Tridens): Species Account - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, OLD WORLD LEAF-NOSED BATS AND PEOPLE

Old World Leaf-Nosed Bats: Hipposideridae - Trident Leaf-nosed Bat (asellia Tridens): Species Account

july accessed observed books

Physical characteristics: These bats have a feature on their nose that resembles a trident, which is a spear with three prongs. The noseleaf is made up of the horseshoe-shaped lower part, the triangle-shaped central part, and three spear-like projections. The nostrils are located in the front, and there is a frontal sac behind the noseleaf. The ears are large and nearly hairless. Fur color ranges and includes grayish, pale yellow, and orange-brown. Some trident leaf-nosed bats in Egypt have medium- to dark tan-colored fur. These bats have large ears and pale faces.


Geographic range: These bats are found in Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, the Arabian Peninsula, and Pakistan.


Habitat: These bats live in arid (extremely dry) environments. They have often been observed roosting in caves and artificial structures, such as tunnels and old temples. Species have also been spotted roosting in underground tunnels and under the iron roof of a shed in Iraq in June, when the temperature inside the shed was an estimated 100.4°F (38°C).

Trident leaf-nosed bats live in very dry areas, and may travel far across the desert in search of food. (Illustration by Joseph E. Trumpey. Reproduced by permission.)

Diet: Trident leaf-nosed bats eat beetles, bees, ants, and wasps.


Behavior and reproduction: Trident leaf nosed bats catch their prey (animals hunted for food) primarily while they are flying. They also may snatch up prey from the ground and other surfaces. These bats forage in vegetated areas and can travel far across desert areas for food.

Roosts of several hundred individuals have been observed. One researcher in 1980 discovered a roost of about 5,000 individuals. When exiting and entering roosts, these bats have been observed flying in small groups and low to the ground. In Iraq, these bats travel to cellars and tombs when they hibernate, from mid-September to mid-November. They then return to their summer roosts in April.


Trident leaf-nosed bats and people: By destroying their local habitats, there is some evidence that humans have caused a decrease in the bats' population.


Conservation status: The trident leaf-nosed bat is not considered to be threatened. ∎

FOR MORE INFORMATION

Books:

Fenton, M. Brock. Bats. New York: Checkmark Press, 2001.

Fenton, M. Brock. The Bat: Wings in the Night Sky. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books, 1998.

Nowak, Ronald M. "Old World Leaf-nosed Bats." Walker's Mammals of the World 5.1 Online. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997. http://www.press.jhu.edu/books/walkers_mammals_of_the_world/chiroptera/chiroptera.hipposideridae.html (accessed on July 5, 2004).

Ruff, Sue, and Don E. Wilson. Bats. New York: Benchmark Books, 2001.

Schober, Wilfried, and Eckard Grimmberger. The Bats of Europe and North America. Neptune City, NJ: T.F.H. Publications, Inc., 1997.

Periodicals:

Barr, Brady, and Margaret Zackowitz. "Going Batty." National Geographic World (October 2001): 12.

Schnitzler, Hans-Ulrich, and Elisabeth K. V. Kalko. "Echolocation by Insect-Eating Bats." Bioscience (July 2001): 557.

Web sites:

"Bat." World Almanac for Kids. http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/explore/animals/bat.html (accessed on July 5, 2004).

Van Ryckegham, Alain. "How Do Bats Echolocate and How Are They Adapted to This Activity?" ScientificAmerican.com. http://www.sciam.com/askexpert_question.cfm?articleID=000D349B-6752-1C72-9EB7809EC588F2D7 (accessed on July 5, 2004).

"Jungle: Virtual Jungle Survival." BBC Science and Nature. http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/programmes/tv/jungle/vjsurvival.shtml (accessed on July 5, 2004).

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