Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Mammals » Solenodons: Solenodontidae - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Hispaniolan Solenodon (solenodon Paradoxus): Species Account - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, SOLENODONS AND PEOPLE, CONSERVATION STATUS

Solenodons: Solenodontidae - Hispaniolan Solenodon (solenodon Paradoxus): Species Account

accessed july mother list

Physical characteristics: This large insectivore's long tail, long snout, and rather lengthy legs are nearly naked. From the tip of the snout to the end of the tail, an adult can reach 22 inches (56 centimeters) long. Adults range from 11 to 12 inches (28 to 32.5 centimeters) in body length with tails of 7 to 10 inches (17.5 to 25.5 centimeters), and weigh 1.3 to 2.4 pounds (0.6 to 1.1 kilograms). Color varies somewhat, but individuals usually have a brownish coat on the back and a lighter-colored underside. The forelimbs are stronger and have larger paws than the hind limbs. All four paws have five toes.


Geographic range: Dominican Republic and Haiti.


Habitat: Hispaniolan solenodons typically live in forests, but sometimes make their homes in plantations or gardens.

The Hispaniolan solenodon is considered Endangered. Dogs and cats prey on the animal, and humans have cleared many of the forests where it lives. (© N. Smythe/photo Researchers, Inc. Reproduced by permission.)

Diet: The Hispaniolan solenodon's diet includes insects and other invertebrates, small reptiles, some fruit and vegetables, and possibly an occasional young chicken.


Behavior and reproduction: During the day, Hispaniolan solenodons rest in various hiding places, including hollow trees or logs, tight places in caves or slender cracks in rocks, or in the burrows they make. Several solenodons may rest together in a burrow. When they become active at night, they scout around on the surface looking for food. Adults are loners during this period, even fighting with one another.

Males and females produce an oily, greenish fluid, which tells members of the opposite sex that they are ready to mate. Females can have one or two litters each year, and may have them in any season. Each litter typically has one to three babies, which the mother feeds from two nipples located near the mother's rump. The young can latch onto the nipples and remain attached even if the mother decides to go for a walk. The young simply drag along the ground underneath her. The babies stop nursing after about two-and-a-half months, but may stay with the family for several months, even after the mother has another litter.

Hispaniolan solenodons and people: Other than an occasional runin in a farm field or garden, solenodons and humans rarely see one another.


Conservation status: Both the IUCN and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service list this species as Endangered. Threats come in the form of dogs and cats that prey on the animal, and the human destruction of the forests where it lives. ∎

FOR MORE INFORMATION

Books:

Eisenberg, John F. "Tenrecs and Solenodons in Captivity." In International Zoo Yearbook 15. London: Zoological Society of London, 1975.

Nowak, Ronald M. Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

Periodicals:

Eisenberg, John F., and Edwin Gould. "The Behavior of Solenodon paradoxus in Captivity with Comments on the Behavior of other Insectivora." Zoologica 51 (1966): 49–57.

Wood, Charles A. "The Last Endemic Mammals in Hispaniola." Oryx 16 (1981): 146–152.

Web sites:

Baillie, J. "Solenodon cubanus." 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.redlist.org (accessed on July 1, 2004).

Baillie, J. "Solenodon marcanoi." 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.redlist.org (accessed on July 1, 2004).

Baillie, J. "Solenodon paradoxus." 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.redlist.org (accessed on July 1, 2004).

Eatroff, A. "Solenodon paradoxus." Animal Diversity Web. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Soleondon_paradoxus.html (accessed on July 1, 2004).

"The Haitian Solenodon." Dominican Fauna. http://www.geocities.com/cuyaya/solenen.html (accessed on July 1, 2004).

Massicot, P. "Haitian Solenodon." Animal Info. http://www.animalinfo.org/species/solepara.htm (accessed on July 1, 2004).

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