Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Insects and Spiders » Ants Sawflies Bees and Wasps: Hymenoptera - Physical Characteristics, Diet, Behavior And Reproduction, Hymenopterans And People, Conservation Status, Honeybee (apis Mellifera): Species Accounts - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT

Ants Sawflies Bees and Wasps: Hymenoptera - No Common Name (megarhyssa Nortoni): Species Accounts

larvae horntail wood female

Physical characteristics: These large wasps measure 0.59 to 1.77 inches (15 to 45 millimeters) in length. The female ovipositor is often twice as long as the body. Some wasps measure more than 6.29 inches (130 millimeters), including the ovipositor. They are black, reddish brown, and yellow and have round yellow spots down the side of the abdomen.

Geographic range: This species is native to the United States and has been introduced into New Zealand, Tasmania, and Brazil.

Habitat: These wasps are found in pine forests and plantations.

Diet: Adult wasps drink nectar, but the larvae eat the wood-boring larvae of horntails.

Behavior and reproduction: The larvae are parasitoids on a woodboring Megarhyssa nortoni use their sharp jaws to cut sections of many kinds of green leaves and carry them back to the nest. (Illustration by Barbara Duperron. Reproduced by permission.) wasp larvae. They feed inside the bodies of mature horntail larvae.

Horntails lay their eggs in pine trees and introduce a special wood-digesting fungus at the same time. The horntail larvae bore through and eat the wood that has been broken down by the fungus. The smell of the fungus attracts female Megarhyssa to trees infested with horntail larvae. Female Megarhyssa use their long ovipositors to bore through the wood to lay an egg on or near the horntail larvae. The parasitoid larva develops and pupates inside the body of its host.

Megarhyssa nortoni and people: Megarhyssa nortoni does not bite or sting. It has been imported into various parts of the world to help control horntail forest pests. They are sometimes used with another hymenopteran parasitoid, Ibalia leucospoides, which attacks the young horntail larvae.

Conservation status: This species is not considered endangered or threatened. ∎

Ants Sawflies Bees and Wasps: Hymenoptera - Velvet Ant (mutilla Europaea): Species Accounts [next] [back] Ants Sawflies Bees and Wasps: Hymenoptera - Leaf-cutter Ant (atta Sexdens): Species Accounts

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almost 8 years ago

Wow, we found one of these in our house in Nelson, New Zealand. We were terrified given its enormous size..

Im so glad to hear it doesnt sting or bite!! I can sleep easier now.