Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Mollusks, Crustaceans, and Related Species » Echiurans: Echiura - Physical Characteristics, Habitat, Behavior And Reproduction, Echiurans And People, Green Bonellia (bonellia Viridis): Species Account - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, DIET, CONSERVATION STATUS

Echiurans: Echiura - Echiurans And People

bonellin female male skin

Some echiurans are used by scientists to study how their bodies develop and function and what chemicals they produce, including a skin coloring of some females called bonellin. Bonellin is of interest to people because it may kill certain kinds of bacteria.


Most animals become male or female based on whether they have a Y-chromosome. But in some echiurans, maleness is determined by environment. Bonellin, a chemical found in the female's skin, turns larvae that settle on her proboscis into males. Those landing elsewhere become females. This way, every male is paired with a female. Bonellin also contains toxins that discourage predators and prevent other animals from attaching themselves to the female's body.

Echiurans: Echiura - Green Bonellia (bonellia Viridis): Species Account [next] [back] Echiurans: Echiura - Behavior And Reproduction

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