Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Jellyfish, Sponges, and Other Simple Animals » Wheel Wearers: Cycliophora - Physical Characteristics, Behavior And Reproduction, Conservation Status - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, DIET, WHEEL WEARERS AND PEOPLE

Wheel Wearers: Cycliophora - Conservation Status

organs stage feeding system

Wheel wearers are not considered threatened or endangered.


A bud forms inside a feeding-stage wheel wearer. Inside this bud, a new set of organs, including the digestive system, nervous system, and mouth funnel, starts to develop. When fully developed, the new organs slowly move forward and push out all the old organs, until the new funnel can emerge through the neck and replace the old one. The only parts of the old wheel wearer that are used again are the trunk and the attachment disk. A feeding-stage wheel wearer can repeat this self-renewal process several times, and scientists are uncertain why it is necessary. Some believe that because the feeding-stage animals do not have a waste-removal system, waste accumulates, and the self-renewal enables the animal to eliminate these wastes before they become toxic.



Valentine, James W. On the Origin of Phyla. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Young, Craig M., ed. Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002.

Web sites:

Walker, Dave. "A Lobster's Microscopic Friend: Symbion pandora: A New Life Form and a New Phylum." Microscopy UK. http://www.microscopy-uk.net/mag/indexmag.html?http://www.microscopy-uk.net/mag/articles/pandora.html (accessed on February 24, 2005).

[back] Wheel Wearers: Cycliophora - Behavior And Reproduction

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