Other Free Encyclopedias » Animal Life Resource » Birds » Cotingas: Cotingidae - Physical Characteristics, Diet, Behavior And Reproduction, Conservation Status, Spangled Cotinga (cotinga Cayana): Species Accounts - GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, HABITAT, COTINGAS AND PEOPLE

Cotingas: Cotingidae - Amazonian Umbrellabird (cephalopterus Ornatus): Species Accounts

umbrellabirds feathers head birds

Physical characteristics: Amazonian umbrellabirds are black birds with a whitish eye and strong black claws. They are about the size of a crow, 18 inches (46 centimeters) in length. Their most impressive physical feature is the tall crest of hair-like feathers with white shafts that stands up over its head like an umbrella. In fact, the bird's Latin scientific name roughly means "fancy head." This bird also has a long wattle of feathers that hangs down from its throat to its belly. Amazonian umbrellabirds are known for their loud, carrying voice.

The Amazonian umbrellabird has a tall crest of hair-like feathers with white shafts that stands up over its head like an umbrella. (Illustration by Emily Damstra. Reproduced by permission.)

Geographic range: Amazonian umbrellabirds are found in the Amazon river basin of Brazil and Venezuela, northwest Bolivia, and eastern Colombia.


Habitat: This species prefers to live along rivers. However, near the edge of the Andes mountains, it lives in the forest at elevations up to 4,300 feet (1,300 meters).


Diet: Umbrellabirds primarily eat fruit and berries, but will eat insects, spiders, and insect larvae when fruit is not available.


Behavior and reproduction: Amazonian umbrellabirds are slow-flying birds that spend a lot of time sitting still on branches. During mating season, males form leks spread far apart. The female builds a loose nest of twigs high in a tree and raises a single chick.


Amazonian umbrellabirds and people: These birds are heard more often than they are seen. They are mainly of interest to birdwatchers.


Conservation status: Amazonian umbrellabirds are not threatened or at risk of becoming extinct at any time in the foreseeable future. ∎

Cotingas: Cotingidae - Guianan Cock-of-the-rock (rupicola Rupicola): Species Accounts [next] [back] Cotingas: Cotingidae - Spangled Cotinga (cotinga Cayana): Species Accounts

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

about 10 years ago

I saw one of these impressive birds flying over the Amazon River in 1989. 2 days later we were robbed at gunpoint at the Explorama Lodge by 8 banditos. They robbed 15 tourists....